On the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December, the electors meet in their respective States to cast their votes for President and Vice President of the United States.
Does Congress certify the presidential election?
In January, Congress sits in joint session to certify the election of the President and Vice President. In the year after the election, electoral documents are held at the OFR for public viewing, and then transferred to the Archives of the United States for permanent retention and access.
Who certifies the Electoral College vote?
Most states require that all electoral votes go to the candidate who receives the most votes in that state. After state election officials certify the popular vote of each state, the winning slate of electors meet in the state capital and cast two ballots—one for Vice President and one for President.
What day does the Electoral College meet?
December 14, 2020: Electors Vote in Their States
Monday after the second Wednesday in December of presidential election years is set (3 U.S.C. §7) as the date on which the electors meet and vote. In 2020, the meeting is on December 14.
Where and when do Electoral College state electors vote?
The electors of each state meet in their respective state capitals on the first Monday after the second Wednesday of December to cast their votes.
Does the Electoral College have to follow the popular vote?
Are there restrictions on who the electors can vote for? There is no Constitutional provision or Federal law that requires electors to vote according to the results of the popular vote in their States. Some States, however, require electors to cast their votes according to the popular vote.
What does the 12th Amendment say about voting?
The Twelfth Amendment requires a person to receive a majority of the electoral votes for vice president for that person to be elected vice president by the Electoral College. If no candidate for vice president has a majority of the total votes, the Senate, with each senator having one vote, chooses the vice president.
Why was the 12th Amendment passed?
Passed by Congress December 9, 1803, and ratified June 15, 1804, the 12th Amendment provided for separate Electoral College votes for President and Vice President, correcting weaknesses in the earlier electoral system which were responsible for the controversial Presidential Election of 1800.
What does the 17th Amendment mean for dummies?
Passed by Congress on May 13, 1912, and ratified on April 8, 1913, the 17th Amendment modified Article I, Section 3, of the Constitution by allowing voters to cast direct votes for U.S. senators. Prior to its passage, senators were chosen by state legislatures.
How many times has the Electoral College not vote for the popular vote?
With most states following the winner-take-all approach, it is possible for a candidate to win the electoral vote, but lose the nation-wide popular vote. There have been four elections in which the person elected president won the electoral vote, but lost the popular vote (1876, 1888, 2000, and 2016).
What are 3 major flaws in the Electoral College?
Three criticisms of the College are made: It is “undemocratic
” It permits the election of a candidate who does not win the most votes
and. Its winner-takes-all approach cancels the votes of the losing candidates in each state.
Why did the Founders create the Electoral College?
The Electoral College
As prescribed in the U.S. Constitution, American presidents are elected not directly by the people, but by the people’s electors. The Electoral College was created by the framers of the U.S. Constitution as an alternative to electing the president by popular vote or by Congress.
What is a Certificate of vote?
In the United States, a certificate of ascertainment is an official document that identifies a state’s appointed electors for U.S. President and Vice President, and the final vote count for each candidate that received popular votes.
Who takes office on January 3rd?
Took office January 3, 2021
|California 53||Sara Jacobs (D)||D+14|
|Colorado 3||Lauren Boebert (R)||R+6|
|Florida 3||Kat Cammack (R)||R+9|
|Florida 15||Scott Franklin (R)||R+6|
When has Electoral College voted differently?
List of United States presidential elections in which the winner lost the popular vote. Comparison of the presidential elections of 1824, 1876, 1888, 2000, and 2016, in which the Electoral College winners (or House of Representatives winners in the case of 1824 election) lost the popular vote.
What do the electors actually do?
When citizens cast their ballots for president in the popular vote, they elect a slate of electors. Electors then cast the votes that decide who becomes president of the United States. Usually, electoral votes align with the popular vote in an election.
How many electors does California have?
|Alabama – 9 votes||Kentucky – 8 votes|
|California – 55 votes||Massachusetts – 11 votes|
|Colorado – 9 votes||Michigan – 16 votes|
|Connecticut – 7 votes||Minnesota – 10 votes|
|Delaware – 3 votes||Mississippi – 6 votes|
Are faithless electors punished?
Faithless elector laws
In 14 states, votes contrary to the pledge are voided and the respective electors are replaced, and in two of these states they may also be fined. Three other states impose a penalty on faithless electors but still count their votes as cast.
Do electors vote for president?
In other U.S. elections, candidates are elected directly by popular vote. But the president and vice president are not elected directly by citizens. Instead, they’re chosen by “electors” through a process called the Electoral College. The process of using electors comes from the Constitution.
How did the 23rd Amendment change the Electoral College?
The amendment grants the district electors in the Electoral College as though it were a state, though the district can never have more electors than the least-populous state. The manner in which the electors are appointed is to be determined by Congress.
What is the 13th Amendment say?
The 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution provides that “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”
What does the 15th Amendment mean in simple terms?
The 15th Amendment guaranteed African-American men the right to vote. Almost immediately after ratification, African Americans began to take part in running for office and voting.
Why is the 13th Amendment Important?
The 13th Amendment forever abolished slavery as an institution in all U.S. states and territories. In addition to banning slavery, the amendment outlawed the practice of involuntary servitude and peonage. Involuntary servitude or peonage occurs when a person is coerced to work in order to pay off debts.
Why is the 14th Amendment Important?
The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1868, granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States—including former enslaved people—and guaranteed all citizens “equal protection of the laws.” One of three amendments passed during the Reconstruction era to abolish slavery and …
What does the 13th Amendment mean in simple terms?
Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States and provides that “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or …
What did the 22nd amendment do?
No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once.
What does the 18th Amendment mean for dummies?
The Eighteenth Amendment—which illegalized the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcohol—was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1917. In 1919 the amendment was ratified by the three-quarters of the nation’s states required to make it constitutional.
What does the 19th amendment mean for kids?
The Nineteenth Amendment guaranteed women the right to vote throughout the United States. It was first introduced to Congress in 1878, but wasn’t ratified until over 41 years later on August 18, 1920. From the Constitution.
What is the 21st Amendment in simple terms?
21st Amendment Simplified
This section of the constitutional amendment permits states to prohibit the transportation, importation, sale, or possession of alcoholic beverages.