Section 3 of the 20th Amendment specifies that if the House of Representatives has not chosen a president-elect in time for the inauguration (noon on January 20), then the vice president-elect becomes acting president until the House selects a president.
Does Congress vote to certify the presidential election?
In January, Congress sits in joint session to certify the election of the President and Vice President. In the year after the election, electoral documents are held at the OFR for public viewing, and then transferred to the Archives of the United States for permanent retention and access.
What is the the Electoral College?
When people cast their vote, they are actually voting for a group of people called electors. The number of electors each state gets is equal to its total number of Senators and Representatives in Congress. A total of 538 electors form the Electoral College. Each elector casts one vote following the general election.
What if no candidate gets 270 electoral?
If no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes, the Presidential election leaves the Electoral College process and moves to Congress. The House of Representatives elects the President from the 3 Presidential candidates who received the most electoral votes.
Has any President not conceded?
Donald Trump has been an exception to the tradition of concession in American presidential politics, refusing to concede defeat and declaring victory for himself despite having lost both the popular vote and electoral college in the 2020 United States presidential election.
What amendment banned poll taxes?
On this date in 1962, the House passed the Twenty-fourth Amendment, outlawing the poll tax as a voting requirement in federal elections, by a vote of 295 to 86. At the time, five states maintained poll taxes which disproportionately affected African-American voters: Virginia, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Texas.
Does the Electoral College have to follow the popular vote?
Are there restrictions on who the electors can vote for? There is no Constitutional provision or Federal law that requires electors to vote according to the results of the popular vote in their States. Some States, however, require electors to cast their votes according to the popular vote.
What is Article 2 about in the Constitution?
Article 2 of the Constitution sets the guidelines and rules for the federal government’s executive branch, the branch responsible for directly administering the country.
What is a major criticism of the Electoral College?
Three criticisms of the College are made: It is “undemocratic
” It permits the election of a candidate who does not win the most votes
and. Its winner-takes-all approach cancels the votes of the losing candidates in each state.
What are the 4 requirements to be president?
According to Article II of the U.S. Constitution, the president must be a natural-born citizen of the United States, be at least 35 years old, and have been a resident of the United States for 14 years.
How many seats are there in the Electoral College?
The president and vice president of the United States are elected by the Electoral College, which consists of 538 electors from the fifty states and Washington, D.C. Electors are selected state-by-state, as determined by the laws of each state.
Was there ever a third party President?
Millard Fillmore, a member of the Whig party, was the 13th President of the United States (1850-1853) and the last President not to be affiliated with either the Democratic or Republican parties.
Has a third party ever won an electoral vote?
The most recent third-party candidates to receive an electoral vote were Libertarian Ron Paul and Sioux Nation independent Faith Spotted Eagle who received a vote each from faithless electors in 2016.
Why did the Founding Fathers create the Electoral College?
As prescribed in the U.S. Constitution, American presidents are elected not directly by the people, but by the people’s electors. The Electoral College was created by the framers of the U.S. Constitution as an alternative to electing the president by popular vote or by Congress.
What is the meaning of the word concedes?
Definition of concede
transitive verb. 1a(1) : to acknowledge grudgingly or hesitantly conceded that it might be a good idea. (2) : to relinquish grudgingly or hesitantly concede power. b : to accept as true, valid, or accurate The right of the state to tax is generally conceded.
What does it mean to concede defeat?
Definition of concede defeat
: to admit one has been defeated They were forced to concede defeat.
Why did the election of 1876 end reconstruction?
Southern Democrats also succeeded in redeeming their state governments from Republican control. In essence, the Compromise of 1877, as the bargain between Southern Democrats and the Republicans became known, brought Reconstruction to an end by ending the Northern occupation of the South.
Can I be denied the right to vote because I refuse to pay a poll tax?
The Twenty-fourth Amendment (Amendment XXIV) of the United States Constitution prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
What is the 23rd amendment do?
The Amendment allows American citizens residing in the District of Columbia to vote for presidential electors, who in turn vote in the Electoral College for President and Vice President. In layperson’s terms, the Amendment means that residents of the District are able to vote for President and Vice President.
What does the 26 Amendment say?
Twenty-sixth Amendment to the Constitution
Passed by Congress March 23, 1971, and ratified July 1, 1971, the 26th amendment granted the right to vote to American citizens aged eighteen or older.
Which two states do not have a winner take all system?
Voters in each state choose electors by casting a vote for the presidential candidate of their choice. The slate winning the most popular votes is the winner. Only two states, Nebraska and Maine, do not follow this winner-take-all method. In those states, electoral votes are proportionally allocated.
How do Nebraska and Maine award their electoral votes?
Maine and Nebraska, however, appoint individual electors based on the winner of the popular vote for each Congressional district and then 2 electors based on the winner of the overall state-wide popular vote.
Are faithless electors punished?
Faithless elector laws
In 14 states, votes contrary to the pledge are voided and the respective electors are replaced, and in two of these states they may also be fined. Three other states impose a penalty on faithless electors but still count their votes as cast.
Can vice president be removed?
The Constitution of the United States gives Congress the authority to remove the vice president of the United States from office in two separate proceedings. The first one takes place in the House of Representatives, which impeaches the vice president by approving articles of impeachment through a simple majority vote.
What is Article 8 of the Constitution?
Section 8 Powers of Congress. The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States
but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States
What does the 8th Amendment say?
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.