The Italian city-states. During the Renaissance, Italy was a collection of city-states, each with its own ruler—the Pope in Rome, the Medici family in Florence, the Doge in Venice, the Sforza family in Milan, the Este family in Ferrara, etc.
What did merchant families in Italian cities have an effect on?
By supporting city-states, wealthy merchant families created an environment that also promoted cultural achievements. By supporting Italy, wealthy merchant families created an environment that also promoted national achievements.
What wealthy family controlled the Italian city state of Florence?
o In Florence the powerful Medici family controlled the government for over 300 years. Some merchant families became extremely wealthy. o They used their money to support arts and learning. Lorenzo de’ Medici governed Florence from 1469-1492.
How wealthy merchant families such as the Medicis influenced achievements during the Renaissance?
Which best describes how wealthy merchant families such as the Medicis influenced achievements during the Renaissance? By supporting art, wealthy merchant families created an environment that also promoted cultural achievements.
Who mostly ruled the Italian city-states quizlet?
Terms in this set (12) The major Italian city-states were Milan, Venice, Florence, Papal States and Naples. Milan was ruled by Sforza, Venice was governed by a oligarchy of merchant aristocrats, Florence was ruled by the Medici’s, and the Papal States was ruled by the pope.
What family ruled Venice during the Renaissance?
The Visconti family ruled as dukes almost continuously from 1317 to 1447, maintaining the stability of the volatile region through military might. At the height of their power they controlled nearly all of northernmost Italy.
How did the merchant class influence the Renaissance?
Merchants also contributed to the Renaissance by making basic education more widespread, especially in math and accounting. The growth of the merchant class meant that a lot more people needed to learn, read, count, and do basic math, so they could keep track of their sales.
Why were merchants so important to the Renaissance economy?
During the Renaissance merchants made use of their knowledge of international markets and trade goods to expand their operations. Some of these merchants became important bankers. They began making loans, transferring funds to different locations, and exchanging various forms of money.
How did wealthy merchants contribute to the Renaissance movement?
Wealthy merchants, like the Medici family, turned their interest to beautifying cities like Florence. They funded artists, architects, and scientists to study Greek and Roman buildings and texts, then to build new Italian achievements.
What family controlled Florence?
The Medici family, also known as the House of Medici, first attained wealth and political power in Florence in the 13th century through its success in commerce and banking.
Who ruled the city of Florence?
The Medici faction gained governance of the city in 1434 under Cosimo de’ Medici. The Medici kept control of Florence until 1494.Republic of Florence.
|Florentine Republic Repubblica Fiorentina|
|• 1434–1464||Cosimo de’ Medici (first de facto Lord of Florence)|
|• 1530–1532||Alessandro de’ Medici (last)|
How did rulers control Italian city-states?
The four way that rulers could control Italian city-states are Power given to a dictator, Florence the medici family ruled for years, A diplomacy, and by the use force.
Who was a prominent merchant family in Italy during the Renaissance?
The Medici family ruled the city of Florence throughout the Renaissance. They had a major influence on the growth of the Italian Renaissance through their patronage of the arts and humanism. The Medici family were wool merchants and bankers. Both businesses were very profitable and the family became extremely wealthy.
What did the Medici family do?
The Medici family is one of the most powerful and influential groups in European history. They innovated new banking systems and laid the groundwork to make Florence a cultural hotspot. Through their political strategy and patronage of major artists like Michelangelo, they created the High Renaissance.
What was the Medici family known for?
The Medici, an art-loving family of wealthy bankers (and three popes), helped fund the Renaissance. They regularly hosted artists and commissioned art for their palace and their family tomb — the Medici Chapel — a masterpiece by Michelangelo.
Who governed Venice quizlet?
Venice was ruled by a group of wealthy merchants, a group of citizens limited to about 200 families whose names were written in the Golden Book, or Libro d’Oro in Italian. Venice had a head of state called the doge, but he was mostly only for appearances.
What form of government did the Italian city-states develop?
signoria, (Italian: “lordship”), in the medieval and Renaissance Italian city-states, a government run by a signore (lord, or despot) that replaced republican institutions either by force or by agreement.
What were the 5 Italian city-states?
The Renaissance is considered to have begun in the city-states of the Italian peninsula, such as: Genoa, Florence, Milan, Naples, Rome and Venice.
Who was the most powerful family in Italy during the Renaissance?
The Albizzi were one of the oldest families in Florence and led the republican government for two generations. By 1427, they were the most powerful family in the city, and far richer than the Medici.
Who ruled Milan during the Renaissance?
|Regency||7 October 1480 – 21 October 1494|
|Monarch||Gian Galeazzo Sforza|
|Born||27 July 1452 Vigevano, Duchy of Milan (modern-day Lombardy, Italy)|
Who ruled Rome during the Renaissance?
But Rome became the real centre of the High Renaissance at the beginning of the 16th century, under the papacy of Julius II, who spent untold riches on ambitious artistic projects designed to glorify the papacy as successor to the ancient Roman Empire.
Who were the merchants in the Renaissance?
They were wholesalers, bankers, distributers, and manufacturers. Many became enormously wealthy, built palaces, funded popes and princes, and dominated political life in city. The social influence of this merchant class was very important.
What did the merchant do?
A merchant is a person who trades in commodities produced by other people, especially one who trades with foreign countries. Historically, a merchant is anyone who is involved in business or trade. Merchants have operated for as long as industry, commerce, and trade have existed.
How were merchants responsible for the development of towns?
Merchants become wealthy and powerful by selling a variety of goods from faraway lands, dominating the town’s business life, and joining town councils. How did merchants become the most wealthy and powerful members of towns? Jews had a hard time earning a living and they couldn’t own any land.
Why did trade make merchant families wealthy?
Trade allowed the merchant class to rise in wealth and power, creating the ideal environment for art to flourish, as they became patrons of art.
What did merchants trade during the Renaissance?
Merchant trade in commodities that the bank sponsored include wool, silk, and most notably alum. Alum was very important to the Medic because it was needed in the textile industry and the Medici had a near monopoly on its trade. Venice was another great international trade power during the Renaissance.
What is an example of a merchant?
Merchant is defined as a person or company engaged in the business of selling or trading goods. A wholesaler is an example of a merchant. A retail store owner is an example of a merchant.
How did the merchants and bankers encourage the start of the Renaissance?
By the Late Middle Ages, changes were occurring that helped pave the way for the Renaissance. Trade and commerce increased, and cities grew larger and wealthier. Newly wealthy merchants and bankers supported the growth of the arts and learning. A renewed interest in classical culture started a flood of new ideas.
Who were merchants in the Middle Ages?
Although the term “merchant” simply refers to one who resells goods to make a profit, there were two main types of merchants during medieval times. Those who bought goods locally or from local wholesalers and sold to those in their area were local merchants, or retailers.