In January, Congress sits in joint session to certify the election of the President and Vice President. In the year after the election, electoral documents are held at the OFR for public viewing, and then transferred to the Archives of the United States for permanent retention and access.
What time will the joint session of Congress?
When does the Joint Address to Congress start? The President will address a Joint Session of Congress at the United States Capitol on Wednesday, April 28, 2021 at 9pm EDT.
How does the Electoral College work?
A candidate must receive 270 of the 538 electoral votes to become President or Vice President. If a candidate for President fails to receive 270 votes, the House itself will choose the President from among the three individuals who received the most electoral votes.
What are electoral certificates?
In the United States, a certificate of ascertainment is an official document that identifies a state’s appointed electors for U.S. President and Vice President, and the final vote count for each candidate that received popular votes.
What amendment banned poll taxes?
On this date in 1962, the House passed the Twenty-fourth Amendment, outlawing the poll tax as a voting requirement in federal elections, by a vote of 295 to 86. At the time, five states maintained poll taxes which disproportionately affected African-American voters: Virginia, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Texas.
Does the Electoral College have to follow the popular vote?
Are there restrictions on who the electors can vote for? There is no Constitutional provision or Federal law that requires electors to vote according to the results of the popular vote in their States. Some States, however, require electors to cast their votes according to the popular vote.
How many times can a senator be re elected?
H.J. Res. 2, if approved by two-thirds of the members of both the House and Senate, and if ratified by three-fourths of the States, will limit United States Senators to two full, consecutive terms (12 years) and Members of the House of Representatives to six full, consecutive terms (12 years).
What is it called when both houses of Congress meet together at the same time?
Joint Session: When the Senate and the House meet together to conduct formal business, to hear an address by the president, or to count electoral ballots, it is known as a joint session. On some occasions, the two houses of Congress meet unofficially to hear foreign dignitaries speak or for other purposes.
Who is the person who presides over the House when it is in session?
1 . Role of Speaker The Speaker is the presiding officer of the House and is charged with numerous duties and responsibilities by law and by the House rules. As the presiding officer of the House, the Speaker maintains order, manages its proceedings, and governs the administration of its business.
What are some weaknesses with the Electoral College?
Three criticisms of the College are made:
- It is “undemocratic
- It permits the election of a candidate who does not win the most votes
- Its winner-takes-all approach cancels the votes of the losing candidates in each state.
What if no candidate has enough votes to become president?
If no candidate for president receives an absolute majority of the electoral votes, pursuant to the 12th Amendment, the House of Representatives must go into session immediately to choose a president from among the three candidates who received the most electoral votes.
What happens if no one gets 270 electoral votes?
If no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes, the Presidential election leaves the Electoral College process and moves to Congress. The House of Representatives elects the President from the 3 Presidential candidates who received the most electoral votes.
When and where do the electors cast their electoral votes?
On the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December, the electors meet in their respective States. The State legislature designates where in the State the meeting will take place, usually in the State capital. At this meeting, the electors cast their votes for President and Vice President.
How many votes are needed to win?
A candidate needs the vote of at least 270 electors—more than half of all electors—to win the presidential election.
How are electoral votes decided?
The formula for determining the number of votes for each state is simple: each state gets two votes for its two US Senators, and then one more additional vote for each member it has in the House of Representatives.
Can I be denied the right to vote because I refuse to pay a poll tax?
The Twenty-fourth Amendment (Amendment XXIV) of the United States Constitution prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax.
What is the 23rd amendment do?
The Amendment allows American citizens residing in the District of Columbia to vote for presidential electors, who in turn vote in the Electoral College for President and Vice President. In layperson’s terms, the Amendment means that residents of the District are able to vote for President and Vice President.
What President passed the 24th Amendment?
At the ceremony in 1964 formalizing the 24th Amendment, President Lyndon Johnson noted that: “There can be no one too poor to vote.” Thanks to the 24th Amendment, the right of all U.S. citizens to freely cast their votes has been secured.
Which two states do not have a winner take all system?
Voters in each state choose electors by casting a vote for the presidential candidate of their choice. The slate winning the most popular votes is the winner. Only two states, Nebraska and Maine, do not follow this winner-take-all method. In those states, electoral votes are proportionally allocated.
How do Nebraska and Maine award their electoral votes?
Maine and Nebraska, however, appoint individual electors based on the winner of the popular vote for each Congressional district and then 2 electors based on the winner of the overall state-wide popular vote.
Are faithless electors punished?
Faithless elector laws
In 14 states, votes contrary to the pledge are voided and the respective electors are replaced, and in two of these states they may also be fined. Three other states impose a penalty on faithless electors but still count their votes as cast.
Can senators serve for life?
A senator for life is a member of the senate or equivalent upper chamber of a legislature who has life tenure.
How old must you be to be a member of the Senate?
The Constitution sets three qualifications for service in the U.S. Senate: age (at least thirty years of age)
U.S. citizenship (at least nine years)
and residency in the state a senator represents at time of election.
Who breaks a tie in Senate votes?
“The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided” (U.S. Constitution, Article I, section 3). Since 1789, 285 tie-breaking votes have been cast.
Does Congress have franking privilege?
Franking privilege allows for members of Congress and their staff to send mail to their constituents or supporters without having to pay postage. This allows for Congress to be able to communicate more effectively with their supporters. Congress will then pay back the Post Office with money from the legislative branch.
Who is the most powerful leader in the House of Representatives?
make no mistake: Nancy Pelosi is the most powerful woman in American politics and the most powerful House Speaker since Sam Rayburn a half century ago.”
What is the job of head of state?
Head’s of State are largely ceremonial
the duties and responsibilities of the head of the State include, implementing laws, supervising bureaucracy, and making all-important decisions with the approval of the cabinet.
What state does Nancy Pelosi represent?
California’s 12th congressional district is a congressional district in northern California. Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi, a Democrat, has represented the district since January 2013. She has represented various congressional districts within the city of San Francisco since 1987.
Do you have to be elected to be Speaker of the House?
As the Constitution does not explicitly state that the speaker must be an incumbent member of the House, it is permissible for representatives to vote for someone who is not a member of the House at the time, and non-members have received a few votes in various speaker elections over the past several years.