The purpose of seed certification is to maintain and make available to the public, high quality seed and propagating materials of adapted superior crop varieties grown and distributed to ensure varietal identity and purity.
What does it mean for a seed to be certified?
Certification is the process by which a state seed certifying agency gives official recognition to seeds produced of a cultivar or named variety under a limited generation system which ensures genetic purity, identity, and a given minimum level of quality.
Is certification of seeds mandatory in India?
In India, Seed certification is voluntary but labelling is compulsory. Certification shall be conducted by the Certification Agency notified under Section 8 of the Seed Act, 1966. The major objective of the Seed Certification is to ensure the acceptable standards of seed viability, vigor, purity and seed health.
Who certifies seeds in India?
At present State Seeds Corporations, National Seeds Corporation, State Farm Corporation of India, State Departments of Agriculture, Private Companies, Cooperatives and individual farmers are producing certified seed. 7.
What is required on a certified seed tag?
The certification tag must include the crop, variety, lot number and owner. Analysis tags may be separate, or the information may be on the certification tag. Analysis tags include percent purity, other crop and weed seed, and noxious weeds. Analysis will also include percent germination, hard seed and date tested.
Which class of seed is certified?
Its production is supervised and approved by certification agency. The genetic purity of foundation seed should be maintained at 99.5 per cent.
|Certified seed||Truthful labelled seed|
|Certification is voluntary||Truthful labelling is compulsory for notified kind of varieties|
What is the purpose of seed testing?
Seed Testing – Objective
To determine the quality i.e. suitability for planting. To identify seed quality problems and their probable cause. To determine the need for drying and processing and specific procedures to be used. To determine, if seed meets established quality standards or labelling specifications.
Which class of seed does not require certification?
(a) Nucleus seed
This is the cent percent pure seed at genetic and physical levels produced by a plant breeder from basic nucleus seed stock. This seed is not certified by any agency.
What is seed inspection?
Seed Certification :: Inspection. Field inspection. The objective in conducting field inspection is to verify the factors which can cause irreversible damage to the genetic purity or seed health.
What is the Colour of tag on certified seed?
Detailed Solution. The correct answer is Blue. The colours to Breeder Seeds, Foundation Seeds and Certified Seeds tags are as follow: The breeder seeds have a golden yellow tag.
What is the procedure of seed certification?
Phases of seed certification
- Receipt and scrutiny of application.
- Verification of seed source.
- Field inspection.
- Post harvest supervision of seed crops.
- Seed sampling and testing.
- Labelling, tagging, sealing and grant of certificate.
What is the importance of National Seed Industry Council?
The National Seed Industry Council is responsible for registering superior crop varieties.
What is the difference between certified and registered seed?
Registered – This is the largest scale of production for seed growers, and planting Registered seed is final step before the resulting production is sold to customers. Certified – This is the class of seed that is sold to farmers. Certified seed is the starting point of a successful crop.
What are the 4 classification of seeds?
ADVERTISEMENTS: The below mentioned article highlights the four important types of seed. They are as follows: (1) Dicotyledonous Exalbuminous Seeds (2) Dicotyledonous Albuminous Seeds (3) Monocotyledonous Albuminous Seeds and (4) Monocotyledonous Exalbuminous Seeds.
What are the four properties of certified seed?
The key attributes of Certified Seed are: Certified Seed is a fully traceable, weed-free, guaranteed seed product with superior quality to alternatives and is part of a world-wide quality assurance system.
Does breeder seed need certification?
The production of foundation seed stage I and II shall be supervised and approved by the certification agency and be so handled as to maintain specific genetic identity and genetic purity and shall be required to confirm to certification standards specified for the crop / variety being certified.